04-08-08

Newfoundland - Cape Spear ook in het engels nu

Vuurtoren op Cape Spear.Vuurtoren op Cape Spear.

Cape Spear, een kaap op Newfoundland, is het meest oostelijk gelegen punt van het Noord-Amerikaanse continent, gelegen op het schiereiland Avalon in de Canadese provincie Newfoundland en Labrador. De naam is een verbastering van het Franse Cap d'Espoir.

Op Cape Spear bevindt zich sinds 1836 een vuurtoren die thans de oudste, nog in werking zijnde, vuurtoren van Canada is. In 1878 werd er ook een misthoorn geïnstalleerd. Tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog werden er kustbatterijen op Cape Spear geplaatst om de konvooiroute tussen Europa en Noord-Amerika alsmede de toegang tot de haven van St. John's te beschermen.

De in de staat van 1839 herstelde vuurtoren wordt beheerd door Parks Canada.

Cape Spear, located on the Avalon Peninsula near St. John's, Newfoundland, is the easternmost point in Canada (52°37'W).

There is currently a dispute as to whether Cape Spear is the most easterly point in North America (Nordost Rundingen, Greenland also claims this title).

The Portuguese named this location "Cabo da Esperança" which means "cape of hope", which became "Cap d'Espoir" in French and finally "Cape Spear".

Cape Spear is the trailhead/trail end for two components of the East Coast Trail.

History

The battery at Cape Spear
The battery at Cape Spear

There has been a lighthouse operating at Cape Spear since September 1836. The original Cape Spear lighthouse was the second lighthouse built in Newfoundland; the first was built in 1810 at Fort Amherst, at the entrance to St. John's Harbour. In 1832, the first legislative assembly for the colony created a lighthouse board. Cape Spear was chosen as the site for a new lighthouse because it was on the rocky eastern coast near the entrance to St John's harbour.

Construction began in 1834. The first lighthouse was a square wooden building with a tower in the middle containing the light. A fog horn was added in 1878. The first light used at Cape Spear had already been used since 1815 at a lighthouse at Inchkeith on the east coast of Scotland. This light used seven Argand burners and curved reflectors. This was later replaced by a dioptric lens system; the light was first lit by oil, then acetylene and finally electricity in 1930.

Because of its proximity to convoy routes during the Second World War, a gun battery was installed at Cape Spear to defend the entrance to St. John's harbour. Barracks and underground passages leading to the bunkers were built for the use of troops stationed there.

A new concrete building was built to house the light in 1955. The original lighthouse building and the light keeper's residence have since been restored. It is the oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland and the location has been designated a Canadian National Historic Site. Cape Spear was also used recently for filming of a hockey game in the Canadian television series, Road Hockey Rumble.

17:21 Gepost door Hexana in PR New Foundland | Permalink | Commentaren (0) | Tags: canada, provincie, steden |  Facebook |

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